Right to education in India is a fundamental human right and it helps to promote individual freedom, empowerment and propagates important development benefits. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs states that gaining knowledge to attain one’s full potential is the lowest need of a person. This implies that generally, a human will satisfy all his previous needs before reaching a peak point of self-actualization
May be this is what affected India, as it gave the least importance to education. This can be implied because the concept of right to education came to a definite form only by 2002.
Formation and implementation of Right to Education:
The 86th amendment of the constitution of India in 2002 added an additional rule under Article 21-A. It is free and compulsory education for all the children between 6 to 14 years old. This article craved a path in making education a fundamental right for every child.
The Right To Education (RTE) Act, 2009 states that every child in the country has the right to study and it is a must that quality education should be provided to them.
Article 21-A and RTE act are the two rules which brought the right to education in India a dream come true. These rules came into force on 1 April 2010. Here, the term ‘free education’ refers that no fees would be charged from the students who are not in a situation to pay the fees, whereas the students who are capable of paying fees are not exempted from the fee waiver. Compulsory education refers that it is the prime duty of the government and concerning local authorities to check for proper attendance of the students and to ensure that proper admission procedure is followed so that the benefits reach every single child in the nation.
Let’s look at how the following scheme has been used in the right direction to benefit the people of the country
• It is an important act that prohibits the school from attaining capitation fees from any of their students
• There are many underprivileged students who are bright and but cannot find ample resources. This scheme would make them able to pursue their education which they rightfully deserve.
•The implementation of the system raised the literacy rate of the country which is definitely a major advantage.
• It will provide exposure to all the students with people from different economic backgrounds.
• The schools are forced to provide the seats allocated in the RTE scheme only to the candidates who are incapable to pay their fees. This will make sure that somehow the system reaches the general deserving public.
As we all are aware of the fact that perfection is the myth, every aspect in the world would contain some amount of drawback and flaws with so let’s look into the disadvantages of the following scheme.
• It is an unpractical and an unbalanced system where the government is responsible for the education fees till 8th. The education till 8th is not going to help the child to look after his expenses after that.
• The system has no clause over the teaching methods, as the teaching should be such that students from the underprivileged section are able to understand it with ease.
• The children from the poorer section will have to face discrimination by the rich which would affect their confidence.
• As the fees are waived by the school for a specific section of people. In order to keep the profit margin constant, the school will tend to increase the fees of other students.
•Apart from fees, there are many other extra charges in the curriculum that should be barred by the student.
Examining all these factors it can be clearly derived that Right to education is a successful scheme. But there are also shortcomings of it still in existence. Rectification has to be made in order to get the indented result from the above scheme.